FEMALE ANATOMY

As you advance through the process of puberty, your body will develop and change shape in different ways. By understanding your own anatomy – more specifically, the female reproductive system – you can stay empowered around your health and rest assured that these changes are normal.

Anus: Opening where the gastrointestinal tract ends and exits the body.

Cervix: Lower, narrow part of the uterus, with a narrow opening that connects the uterus to the vagina.

Clitoris: Female sex organ, both internal and external, found inside the folds of the labia and extends inside the pelvis. Its sole function is sexual arousal.

Fallopian Tubes: A pair of tubes that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.

Labium: On the vulva, both inner and outer sets of skin with sensory nerve endings that surround the vaginal opening.

Ovary: Two reproductive organs that store eggs in a female’s body. Also responsible for producing hormones, such as estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone.

Pubic Bone: Front of the hip bone closest to the genitals. It becomes more flexible in late pregnancy to allow the baby’s head to pass through during delivery.

Rectum: The lowest part of the digestive system, its function is to excrete feces from the human body.

Urethra: Tube from which you urinate. The urethra carries urine from the bladder to the urethral opening. In females, the urethra is above the vaginal opening and below the external clitoris.  

Ureter: A tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder.

Urinary bladder: A hollow elastic organ that collects and stores urine from the kidneys before disposal by urination.

Uterus: In females, the internal, muscular reproductive organ in the pelvis. During pregnancy, this is where a fetus will develop and is also referred to as “the womb.”

Vagina: The female internal passage leading from the opening of the vulva to the cervix of the uterus. The vagina has three functions: allowing menstrual flow to leave the body, allowing sexual penetration to occur and allowing a fetus to pass through during vaginal delivery.

Vulva: When people refer to the “vagina,” what they usually mean is the vulva, which includes all the external parts, including the inner and outer lips.